A few key facts
- The Integrated Transport Policy of India states that the transport sector of India “consumes 40% of energy and substantial portion of diesel supplies. The growth of transport not only leads to pressure on limited availability of non-renewable energy but raises broader environmental issues. Form of energy consumption, operational pollution, land intrusion and congestion are some of the areas of conflict between transport and environment. It is, therefore, necessary that environmental concerns should be built into project planning right from the beginning – at the stage of site selection, alignment finalisation.”
- Petroleum used for transport is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and currently accounts for 23% of global energy-related CO2 emissions and is projected to rapidly increase by nearly 50% by 2030, and 80% by 2050.
- Indian roads are also the most dangerous in the world with high fatality rates and the number of fatalities on Indian roads has increased to over 70,000 per year.
- India’s share in the world vehicle population is only 4.3% whereas in terms of fatality it is 13%. The current capacity at major ports is overstretched.