Intelligent Transport Systems
Advanced information and communication technologies (ICT) can improve transport performance such as transport safety, transport productivity, travel reliability, informed travel choices, energy efficiency and environmental performance, by transmitting real-time information.
Under the umbrella of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) there exists a multitude of state-of-the-art technologies that can be implemented to obtain increased sustainability by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, improving road safety and decreasing traffic congestion.
With an already existing robust IT and telecom infrastructure, India stands to gain from the use of ITS to alleviate many transport related urban issues. Some of the broad categories for use of ITS technologies are:
- Traffic Management: Including automated speed enforcement, incident management, traveller information, and vehicle control technologies like intelligent cruise control and speed alerts.
- Fleet Management/Logistics: Route planning, fleet management. asset management, routing and scheduling.
- Asset Management: Facilitate asset management of transport based databases including those in public transport.
- Road Safety & Accident Prevention: Automatic road enforcement including red light running cameras and emergency vehicle notification systems are some of the technologies that can use used for obtaining great road safety.
- Road pricing strategies: Road pricing strategies involving the use of tolling mechanisms and smartcards are becoming popular in the western world to curb traffic congestion and shift to more public transport modes including rail, metros and bus rapid transit (BRT).
In the freight sector, ITS methodologies like ATM (advanced traffic management), ATI (advanced traveller information) and AVC (automated vehicle control) can be used for greater efficiency, reduction of emissions and thereby reducing carbon footprint.
In the marine sector, discussions at International Maritime Organization (IMO) have resulted in the development of an Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) that endeavours to obtain enhanced energy efficiency measures, and significant reductions in GHG emissions from ships.
- The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) has the on-going Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP) in which five demonstration cities: Indore, Mysore, Naya Raipur, Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad, have been chosen to showcase pilot ITS infrastructure.
- The Ministry of Heavy Industries has laid out the strategic plan for the Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) which emphasis the facilitation of the roll out of ITS and ‘End of Life’ standards in the country.