Swachh Bharat Mission

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EBTC (the European Business Technology Centre), has been granted the status of Development Partner of the Clean India Campaign (Swachh Bharat Mission – SBM) by the Official Memo No 8/6/2016 -SBM – 1, as of 27th December 2016, to promote the campaign with European financial and/or project organisations from both the government and the private sphere.

 

Context

SBM was launched in 2014 by the Government of India and is underpinned by the visionary concept to make India clean with specific emphasis on solid waste management. Its objectives are to augment the availability of sanitation facilities, reduce the amount of household and other waste in the public domain, and raise awareness of the importance of good practices. Considering India’s manifold challenges in the realm of waste management, sanitation, and hygiene, the Clean India Mission is divided into Urban and Rural. While in rural areas the focus is primarily set on behavioural change, under the Clean India Mission Urban individual community toilets are being installed and challenges with regard to solid waste management are attempted to be resolved. SBM is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS) of the Government of India, for urban and rural areas respectively.

By inviting people to participate in the drive, Clean India (Swachhta Abhiyan) has turned into a National Movement. A sense of responsibility has been evoked among the people through the Clean India Movement. With citizens now becoming active participants in cleanliness activities across the nation, the dream of a “Clean India” once seen by Mahatma Gandhi has begun to get a shape.

According to Census 2011, India’s urban population is 377 million or 31% of the total population. These numbers are expected to increase to 600 million by 2031. The Census 2011 also showed that in 4,041 statutory towns, close to eight million households do not have access to toilets and defecate in the open (7.90 million). Weak sanitation has significant health costs and untreated sewage from the cities is the single biggest source of water resources pollution in India. This indicates both the scale of the challenge ahead of the Indian cities and the huge costs incurred from not addressing them. Likewise, the need to completely close all landfills and create the required infrastructure for the Solid Waste Management and Safe Drinking Water are the mandates initiated.

The Swachh Bharat Mission shall be accomplished by 2019, when India celebrates the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, who was a great exponent of sanitation and hygiene.

 

·         Broad Objectives:

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Eradication of manual scavenging
  • Modern and scientific municipal solid waste management
  • To effect behavioural change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  • Capacity augmentation for ULBs
  • To create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance).

Funding

The estimated cost of the implementation of SBM (Urban) based on the unit and per capita costs for its various components is Rs. 62,009 Crore. The Government of India’s share, as per approved funding pattern, amounts to Rs. 14,623 Crore. In addition, a minimum additional amount equivalent to 25% of GoI funding, amounting to Rs. 4,874 Crore, shall be contributed by the States as State/ULB share. The balance funds are proposed to be generated through various other sources of funding, notably, but not limited to: Private sector participation – Additional resources from State governments/ULB – Beneficiary share – User charges – Land leveraging – Innovative revenue streams – Swachh Bharat Kosh – Corporate social responsibility – Market borrowing – External assistance.

 

EBTC Actions

Given the complexity of this initiative, the huge extent of projects and stakeholders involved as well as practical implications linked to it, there is need, and hence scope for European technologies and experts creating viable solutions on-site

As a Development Partner of the Clean India Mission (Urban), EBTC is creating a pool of information on the local needs in India, available means of finance, and key stakeholders in India which enables EBTC to coordinate among all stakeholders involved and connect specific, local requirements to innovative European solutions. Together with our knowledge partners in India, suitable technologies, for instance in the field of waste to energy, can be adapted and upscaled to India specific requirements and conditions.

Besides helping to bridge technical gaps, EBTC assures seamless communication on G2G, G2B, B2B, and P2P level to foster the flow of information and pave the way for sustainable implementation. EBTC as a development partner for the Clean India Mission Urban therefore constitutes a first point of contact for relevant companies, clusters, business member organisations, municipalities, government institutions, think tanks and other stakeholders from Europe. 

Additional information